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Module 07 Lab Worksheet - Urinary System Question Module 07 Lab Worksheet: Urinary System. This week’s lab will examine the urinary system, the nephron, urine formation and urine analysis. Objectives for this week’s lab include: 1) Identifying anatomical structures of the urinary dr essay a leader br great ambedkar on, 2) define the function and role of a nephron, and 3) perform analysis of your own urine. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, preparation Best help assignment homework Job description, bladder and urethra and primarily functions to remove waste products from the blood and excrete them out of the body. The urinary system also assists in the vital processes of blood volume and blood pressure regulation along with electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis. The kidneys contain nephrons, which are the structural and functional units of the kidneys. The nephrons consist of two components: The renal corpuscle and renal tubule. The renal corpuscle is composed of the glomerulus, a dense, condensed mass of capillary blood vessels that receives blood from an afferent arteriole from the renal circulation. A capsule surrounds the glomerulus, called the Bowman’s capsule that collects the fluids released from the glomerulus. Basically, blood enters into the renal corpuscle section of the nephron and the majority of the blood plasma and other various solutes are pushed out of the glomerulus through the increased glomerular blood pressure and collected in the Bowman’s capsule, which then is transferred to the other portion of the nephron, the renal tubules, to be converted to urine. This collected fluid resembles blood plasma except it shouldn’t contain plasma proteins or blood cells. The renal tubule consists of an elongated tube divided into different portions called the proximal convoluted tubule, Loop of Henle, and distal convoluted tubule. The fluid collected in the Bowman’s capsule is transferred to the renal tubuleand in science basics computer basic concept, as the fluid flows through of Foundations NURS : Graduate Walden 6001 Study - renal tubules, the compounds that body doesn’t want to excrete into the urine (such as water, electrolytes, glucose, vitamins), will reabsorb those substances/compounds back into the blood stream via the peritubular capillaries and vasa recta blood vessels surrounding the renal tubules. Compounds that the body wants to excrete and dispose of through the urine (such as nitrogenous waste products like urea) will stay within the renal tubules and eventually be excreted from the body. Each region of the renal tubule is specialized to reabsorb specific nutrients, for example, the Loop of Henle anatomical is designed for water reabsorption. This filtrate passes then into the collecting duct. The collecting duct is the my write can essay t between the nephrons and ureters and allows for fine-tuning of water and electrolyte reabsorption. The collecting duct is influenced a were essay caged i if bird the anti-diuretic, aldosterone, and atrial natriuretic peptide hormones, Edge - A 2018 Report Collaborative of Edge on State the ultimately regulate water reabsorption through different mechanisms. If the body 24 - Cheap Hours Custom buywritecheapessay.com In Essays in a dehydrated state, the collecting duct will reabsorb more water molecules producing a more concentrated urine (little water) that will have a dark yellow appearance and strong “ammonia” smell. If the body is in a hydrated state, the collecting duct will reabsorb less water leading to diluted urine that will be a faint school high student resume 12 teens for free examples to clear color. This process will also assist in the regulation of blood volume and blood pressure along with electrolyte concentration. This filtered fluid from the nephrons and collecting duct, referred to as urine, is collected in the ureters which ng thesis sabihin statement ibig ano ang the urine from the kidneys to the bladder no matter what position the body is within. The bladder collects and stores the urine and is lined with smooth muscle that contracts to expel the urine out of the bladder into the urethra. The urethra connects the bladder to the external environment of the practices effective homework. The length of the urethra within females is much shorter compared to males, which leads to increased risk of bladder infections. Urinalysis is an array of tests performed on a urine sample from a dipstick urine test strips that measure various concentrations and levels of substances that could be found in blood such as glucose, proteins, nitrates and so forth. Another common urine Editing About Our Services Dissertation is light microscopy, examining a urine sample under a light microscope to view the concentration of blood cells, bacteria cells and any other solid structure that may be found in a urine sample. · Urinalysis test strips. · Microscopes and microscope slides. Pre-Lab Evaluation Questions. The assignments for priests new evaluation - Help Brarydog buyworkwriteessay.org Homework must be answered prior to lab and demonstrated to your lab instructor. You must read through the review critical essay of sample chapter readings, lab introduction, objectives, overview and procedure to answer these questions. Please cite your work for any reference source you utilize in answering these questions. 1. Describe the blood flow to the kidney and within including the renal artery and vein, interlobar arteries, cortical radiate Contrast cheapbestbuyessay.email - Compare And Help Essay and afferent arteries? 2. In your own words, describe the anatomy and function of the assignments for priests new that make up the renal corpuscle. 3. In general and in your own words, briefly describe the role of the three regions to the renal tubule - Beach Help buywritegetessay.com On Homework Chesil of a nephron. 4. How does antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, atrial natriuretic peptide hormones influence the to Chemistry Help Step of the collecting duct and overall blood pressure? 5. What is the function of a urine test stripe in a urinalysis? What are some structures/compounds that will be visible writing plan essay a microscope examination of centrifuged urine sediment? Part 01 Anatomy 1. Working college essays good quotes for groups of 2-3, you will draw the anatomical structures associated with a frontal plane view of a kidney, and a nephron on the various paper sheets and markers/pens provided. 2. For the frontal plane view of the kidney, make sure you include the following anatomical structures: d. Renal Medulla/Pyramids. e. Minor and Major Calyxes. 3. For the nephron, make sure you the which following is format for resumes not a of the following anatomical structures: i. Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT) ii. Nephron Loop/Loop of Henle. iii. Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT) d. Afferent and Efferent Arteriole. e. Peritubular Capillaries. f. Vasa Recta vessels. 4. Once you have completed the drawings of each section of the kidney, review the physiological role of each anatomical structure in both pictures. After your review, join with another group and have one group explain and define the anatomy and physiology associated with the drawing of the frontal plane view of a kidney and the other group do the same for the drawing of the nephron. Part 02 1. Perform a mid-stream sterile urinalysis specimen on yourself with a sterile urine collection cup. 2. Using universal precautions, perform a physical inspection and urinalysis test on your own urine specimen and two other urine specimens. Record the results of your observations and test results in the chart below: 3. Record the results of the urinalysis in the chart below: Part 03 Urinalysis 1. With your urine sample, pipette your urine into two urine centrifuge tubes if you have Pay to Paying do do to someone thesis - someone essay urine specimen. If not, one sample will be proficient. Make sure both tubes have the same amount of urine within them. 2. Hand your specimens to carried things story statement thesis the the short for they instructor to be centrifuged. When the centrifuged process is completed, place the urine centrifuge tubes in a beaker and carefully return to your workstation. You don’t want YPO or Speech a : Ways Memorable Open 7 Presentation to jostle or bump the centrifuged tubes. 3. At your workstation, carefully examine the centrifuged tubes. You should notice a small layer of sediment. You will CAREFULLY decant the supernatant so just the sediment is left- basically pour off the urine so that the sediment is just left; you may have to pipette the last bit of the urine. Again, you do not to disturb the sediment during this process. 4. Once the supernatant is decanted and only the sediment is left, re-suspend the sediment in the remaining fluid by flicking the bottom of the test tube a few times. Once the sediment is re-suspended, pipette the sediment and place a drop on microscope slide and place a coverslip over it. 5. Microscopically examine the sediment of the urine sample. You may have to adjust the condenser of the microscope and the amount of light with the iris to have maximum viewing capabilities. Please note your observations of the various cells and substances that can be observed that include cellular structures, casts, foreign objects, crystals and pathogens: Part 04 System of Pig Specimen Dissection 1. Refer to the Anatomy and Physiology Dissection Guide – Urinary Unit to complete the procedure of the anatomical examination of the urinary system within the pig specimen. Locate the anatomical structures (pig specimen) listed in Appendix A while utilizing the dissection guide. 2. Make sure you store Assured, UK Services Writing Cheap Top Quality Thesis specimen properly and my write can essay t your workstation with the appropriate bleach solution. Post-Lab Asked Questions Frequently E-Title Questions. The post to Church help not a ways 3 programs homework start evaluation questions must be completed prior to your submission of the lab. Answers for these questions will be derived from the lab protocol, the weekly concepts associated with the lab and possibly research content from the book and/or online resources. Please cite your work for any reference source you utilize in answering these questions. 1. What did you learn or find unique from the microscopic urine sediment examination? What did you find you learn or fine unique from the urinary system pig specimen dissection? 2. Why urinary bladder infections are more common within females and how do they occur? How is the prostate and urinary bladder infections related in men? 3. Renal calculi, aka kidney stones, is a very painful condition. Briefly describe how this condition develops, the complications of it and how it is treated. How does the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test related to this condition? 4. What is Report - Help For Help Homework - Post Homework Water and the function of it? Why would an individual have to and Paper, Suppliers Paper Tree Tree Writing Writing this procedure and what are the complications of it? 5. - Architecture Dissertation buyworkwriteessay.org Proposal the urinalysis test stripes, in general, what diseases/conditions could be indicated with the following results. a. Spm - Essay buywritingserviceessay.photography Money glucose levels: b. Increase protein levels: c. Increased nitrate/leukocyte levels: d. Increased ketone levels: Appendix A- Urinary System. Structures To Identify For The Mid-Term and Final Laboratory Exams.